I guess the inspiration for the project comes from the work of archaeologist Barry Cunliffe and his theories about the peoples of the Atlantic Façade, which he outlined in his book The Ancient Celts 1997 and developed in his influential Facing the Ocean. Tracking the Course of the Savage Tongue: Place-names and Linguistic Diffusion in Early Britain David N. The Celtic languages and groups called Keltoi i. This book is an exploration of the new idea that the Celtic languages originated in the Atlantic Zone during the Bronze Age, approached from various perspectives pro and con, archaeology, genetics, and philology. Overall, whatever you may think about the 'Celtic debate', this is an important book that provides easy access to multiple strands of evidence. His works have developed original ideas in such fields as the earliest Welsh poetry, the Mabinogi, Continental Celtic, Irish saga literature, St Patrick, the classical authors' descriptions of the ancient Celts, and Bronze Age and Iron Age archaeology.
How old are the Celtic languages once spoken in the Iberian Peninsula? The name is actually quite appropriate, as the project aims to find common elements in the archaeology, languages and genetic components of these Atlantic areas western Iberia, Armorica, Ireland, western Britain as a single archaeological entity. I agree that the Atlantic area in both Iberia and West Europe has a strong personality but that seems to last only up to the Iron Age, when, following the classical models, it was Celticized. He even describes to us who the Celts were; they were the mercenaries of the un-warlike Tartessians. A Genetic Impression of Britain in Atlantic Europe Ellen C. Anyone interested, please check previous posts.
First we have Herodotus place the Celts beyond the pillars of Heracles where we find the Tartessians and the Celtici. The theory they ponder is that some form of Indo-European language spread from its conventional homeland somewhere to the east, to the west coast of Europe much earlier than previously thought, and there evolved into the earliest Celtic language, which broke up into its familiar language groups as it spread back east through other Indo-European speakers. Koch; Philip Freeman; Dagmar S. Celtic and Gaul have, for some reason, become synonymous and errors have been slowly piled up one on top of the other. However, there are some points in Koch's article that I don't really agree with.
The E-mail message field is required. The present collection is intended to pursue the question further in order to determine whether this earlier and more westerly starting point might now be developed as a more robust foundation for Celtic studies. The debate about these issues is quite lively, with new proposals being made as the research in this field continues its development. At that moment, I understand we cannot anymore talk of an Atlantic area at the level of Europe and the Iberian Atlantic area specifically gets fragmented. A similar case is Lepontic, in northern Italy, a Celtic language attested in very early inscriptions.
There's some mystery on where did the South Portuguese Bronze Age horizons come from, as they do appear as a belligerant, expansive non-urban group, different from what existed in the Chalcolithic urbanized, Megalithic but they look not like Celts, and pre-date by many centuries the Urnfield culture expansion. In the introduction the authors set themselves the challenge of 'stimulating a breadth of original thinking, rather than launching an Atlantic Celtic thesis as a manifesto. There is a traditional scenario, according to which, Celtic speech and the associated group identity came in to being during the Early Iron Age in the north Alpine zone and then rapidly spread across central and western Europe. Koch's analysis reflects the authors superior scholarship. The breadth of scholarly writing here ensures the volume achieves that aim with considerable gusto.
There are many more things to say about this issue Celtic, Lusitanian, Tartessians , and I'll be publishing more posts about it in the future. If we add to this other proposals about the celticity of Gallaecian and Lusitanian vid. One of the great delights to be gleaned from this book is the scholarly discussion and dismissal of various theories. Celtic from the West is an outgrowth of a multidisciplinary conference held at the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth in December 2008. In this book, there are a number of younger practitioners adopting creative practices in their archaeological work.
Responsibility: edited by Barry Cunliffe and John T. And the theories behind the framework are more than reasonable. He is the co-editor of all three Celtic from the West volumes. In the introduction the authors set themselves the challenge of 'stimulating a breadth of original thinking, rather than launching an Atlantic Celtic thesis as a manifesto. You mention some possible Basque interpretations for some of the Tartessian words. Galatian, for example, has been used to fill out Gaulish, but there was no reason to believe that Galatian was a Celtic language, except for the linking of Gauls with Celtic. Maju: Thanks for the reference.
Bell Beaker is not any explanation either because it's not a proper culture but a minorities' phenomenon within continuous cultural contexts of mostly Megalithic origins. Koch; Philip Freeman; Dagmar S. It would be nice if you could expound your ideas with more detail or clarity. Another author in this volume is Stephen Oppenheimer, whose theories have already been discussed in this blog see. The Celts from Everywhere and Nowhere: A Re-evaluation of the Origins of the Celts and the Emergence of Celtic Cultures Raimund Karl 3. The Atlantic and its Peoples 2001.
Pushing the origin back to a much earlier date is necessary to account for early references to Celts by Greek and Roman writers. This is a review of 'Celtic from the West', which is a collection of academic papers presented at a multidisciplinary conference held at the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth in December 2008. Interpreting Tartessian as Celtic John T. Honestly, after reviewing again Koch's paper, I find it highly inconclusive. Tom Condit, Archaeology Ireland, Vol.