River High's structuring of gender and sexuality was, in the end, unremarkable but important because it provided the context in which boys and girls forged gendered and sexual identities. You can still throw around a football and be gay. From a symbolic interactionist perspective, this permits men to engage in presentations of self Goffman, 1959 that conform to traditional notions of masculinity. Butler, Judith 1993 Bodies that Matter. Fag discourse, as Pascoe calls it, is similar to playing hot potato, but with words. The guys constantly threw the word fag at me for being emotionally attached to a girl. Maybe my women's college education was just too thorough, or my upbringing in suburban Ohio was just too similar, but I didn't find anything particularly surprising or revealing in Pascoe's book.
A really great read for anyone who works with adolescents to check out--and parents, too! These students-from every ethnic and racial background, in urban, suburban, and rural schools-have sat Sociolinguistic research on the linguistic construction of identity has begun to attend to the construction of culturally normative, unmarked social categories such as whiteness and masculinity. Maybe my women's college education was just too thorough, or my upbringing in suburban Ohio was just too similar, but I didn't find anything particularly surprising or revealing in Pascoe's book. Personally, I would have liked her to explore this issue further but that's solely because race is one of my biggest research interests. Also males rarely if ever use fag to describe a female. This in turn promotes superiority in masculine qualities instead of promoting the true character and allowing those characteristics to be defined as feminine instead of masculine.
Therefore individuals will tend to call out others who are producing that behavior in order for them to make sure they will not do it again. Butler, Judith 1999 Gender Trouble. Pascoe noted that these jokes were always directed towards male students, which she believes heightens the taboo of female sexuality and reinforces the idea that boys are hypersexual. Based on eighteen months of fieldwork in a racially diverse working-class high school, Dude, You're a Fag sheds new light on masculinity both as a field of meaning and as a set of social practices. Via language crossing and other discursive strategies such as constructed dialogue, the narrative positions black masculinity, in contrast to white masculinity, as physically powerful and locally dominant.
Hochschild, Arlie 1989 The Second Shift. Pascoe spent a year and a half in a high school mostly observing boys in a variety of settings. This argument is supported with reference to a consideration of how a renewed connection with the theory of Bertolt Brecht could serve the aims of gender critique, referring to positions taken by Jill Dolan, Sue-Ellen Case, Richard Schechner and Elin Diamond. Freud, Sigmund 1905 The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud, translated and edited by A. This article attempts to address these issues, examining the perpetuation of sexist heterosexual norms in the classroom by male teachers. Suffice to say that Pascoe makes an incredibly believable argument, and I would recommend this to anyone who's nerdy enough to be even mildly curious. We thank you for your support! Willis, Paul 1981 Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs.
Being gay is never spoken of positively in these informants' experience. Exhibiting stupidity, emotions, or incompetence, caring too much about clothing, touching another guy, or dancing were all things which could render a boy vulnerable to the fag epithet. Ultimately, this article argues that drawing attention to the gaps and fissures that local gaming practices can produce in broader structures of gaming, sexuality, and class can help critical gaming scholars encourage and cultivate such practices as well as construct new, reparative alliances between different fields and communities. In most cases, as long as the individual can throw this insult back at another person, then that person is no longer associated with being a fag and is thus made more masculine or be able to retain that masculinity. There's a faggot over there! Read it if you've had a little bit of background in Gender Studies; this book may still teach you a thing or two about masculinity. El Capitan also being a racially diverse working-class high school in California I found it compelling to relate to that of River High. So what if girls want to play football? Recent scholarship in gaming studies has challenged the field to investigate and critique the hard core gaming audience stereotypically seen as straight, White, cis-gendered male gamers in a way that does not reinforce either the perceived marginalization of gamers or broader social hierarchies of gender, sexuality, and class.
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. The data show how white working-class boys monitor and police what they perceive as a normative white identity. For these boys gay men could still be masculine, whereas a fag could never be masculine. What is this mysterious thing? Pascoe did just this study and found that the fag is everywhere. Even now, in this very room.
Section 3 of the review draws on literature to highlight how dominant discourses and the practices that create them can be resisted creating the opportunity for other discourses of gender. Male dominance and female oppression were seen everywhere in the school. It seems that males use this word only when describing a male. But it was written accessibly enough for an academic text that I think it should be included in lower division gender studies curricula, especially since it illustrates Judith Butler's concept of gender performativity a whole lot more understandably than Butler herself does. We use these data not only to contribute to the empirical literature on masculinity threat, but also as a novel approach for theorizing about the meaning and structure of masculinity more broadly.
If a boy had not had sex, he had to lie about it. For most gays and lesbians, the thought of returning to high school for a year rates on a par with taking a hiking trip through Siberia. First, having sex is often held as a marker of status or achievement of hegemonic masculinity. A boy must learn to become a man and this begins when they are young and is strongly disciplined in high school. Athletes are encouraged to continue performing when injured through masculinizing and demasculinizing discourses Pascoe 2005;Roderick et al. A fascinating ethnography and vivid look into the often horrifically sexualized nature of high school. However, sex and gender are not one and the same.