What should we do and what tools do we have at hand for doing it? The ideal society faces two ways: toward its individual members and toward the human species. It may be well to set forth as guide lines a sort of summary perspective of what further ideas the reader may expect to meet in the following pages, not presented in the order in which he will encounter them but more compactly so that the chief features will be prominent. Then I will turn to the egoistic perspective, which is the basis of confrontation and its consequent moral equipment, and then I will end with the dispositions toward the good, in which all of this results. So many alternative paths are open to the individual that he cannot be helped in choosing by any simple formula. But further orientations should be helpful, for there are some ideas to be advanced here which could not have been predicted from the naturalism of the moral integrative levels taken just by themselves.
By asserting that the universe is a whole we are committed to nothing more than the assertion of the unity of its contents. In considering ethical ideals and moral practice, men have tended to neglect a third area which necessarily interposes itself between theory and practice, between the choice of ideals of conduct and the actual conduct itself. Ethics and esthetics are how their substance is organized. The Ideal Material Culture of Humanity. Human individuals are tied also to their immediate environment by other material tools, such tools for instance as buildings and bulldozers.
The use of words here is not entirely consistent, however. This what I have called elsewhere the implicit dominant ontology. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. The disagreement has the advantage that it gets all the proposals out into the open where they can be examined, but it has the dis advantage that the cogency of any one philosophy must rely entirely upon that wide public which is unprepared. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. The Strategy of Cosmic Obligation. The Rational and the Good.
But the goal of all ethics, the ultimate ethical ideal, is the good of the universe as a whole, the good of the cosmos. More than 175 of his articles appeared in textbooks as well as professional and popular magazines. The Four Grades of Obligation. That is the actuality, but what is the ideal? In a third section I shall try to show that what is peculiarly human is the continuance of the drives to reduce the needs long after they have in fact been effectively reduced, the source of human achievements but also of bad behavior. The world is composed of the values of the good and the beautiful hung upon the structure of the true.
Moral Encounters with Near-by Species. The contributions to the first part of the book reflect on the implications of discussions in philosophy of identity for moral theory and the view of moral identity. A prolific writer, Feibleman was the author of over 39 books on subjects ranging from philosophy, sociology and psychology, to education and the arts. Ethical problems are for the most part referred to socially established moralities, and moralities are socially established not on the basis of philosophy but rather by some sponsoring insti or politics. The growth of the class struggle has been the occasion for much criticism of the democratic system. So complicated an organism could not have had the sole purpose of being destroyed.
Yet how are we to understand what has happened? Feibleman Folder 2: About James K. Species Type Responsibility and Confrontation. In 1930 he became vice-president and general manager of the James K. In most studies of ethics duty has traditionally been accorded more attention than rights, but rights stand on an equal footing. Literature had always attracted Feibleman more than business, however, and he became friends with such prominent literary figures as Sherwood Anderson, William Faulkner, and Roark Bradford. In his work, Feibleman examines the fundamental issues concerned and sets forth a program for positive democracy that is founded on the right relation between properties and citizens, guaranteeing civil liberties and economic liberty with the advancement of the welfare of society and individuals as the goal. Editors of such collections, upon consultation with the Series Editor, may elect to have their books published either as contributions to the Progress sequence or as separate volumes.
The goodness of anything, extrinsically considered, must depend upon its inclusion in a wider system. Those who are dissatisfied with things-as-they-are on the assumption that things-as-they-are are not identical with thingsas-they-ought-to-be are constrained to consider a third area, that of strategy. The Incompleteness of Social Goods. Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from 1 the owner of the physical property and 2 the holder of the copyright. The Strategy of Social Obligation.
Given an ideal and the knowledge of the special limitations involved in all practice, the next thing to consider is how to get there, so to speak, from here. The ideal society would be one which furnished a maximum of need-reduction to its individual members. The Incompleteness of Human Goods. My topic throughout this book has been the good for individual man. We have seen that the individual has a number of obligations: to himself, to his society, to humanity, to the cosmos. If we knew the totality of truths about any material thing, we could deduce from this its value. Here we shall want to discuss the proximate obligations, those which he has to himself.
Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. Objective Chance and the Normative. However, it is not prudence which can be expected to bring interest and duty together but, because the governance is by principles, reason; the prudence should have operated earlier in selecting the principles. The Strategy of Social Obligation. We have already seen in the last chapter that the framework of this entire theory of ethics is to be built around the conception of the moral integrative levels. Consequently, inferences from the structure of language to the structure of that extra-linguistic world are invalid. This can be done only by using the perspectives which have been occupied at some particular time and place.