Figure 2 — Satellite image of Kilbourne Hole from Google Earth. Amtrak's Los Angeles - New Orleans Sunset Limited route passes through the region, stopping in Deming and Lordsburg. The granulite may contain garnet and sillimantite, indicative of a metasedimentary origin, or the granulite may contain pyroxene, suggestive of an igneous origin Padovani and Reid, 1989; Hamblock et al. The Franklin and Organ mountains to the east and the East Portillo Mountains to the west of Kilbourne Hole are examples of rift-flank uplifts in south-central New Mexico. If driving, have water in the car, particularly if your vehicle is prone to overheating. Amphibians and Reptiles of New Mexico.
Hill 1900 defined the Hueco Bolson as including the Tularosa Basin as shown in fig. Maxim Crater, El Tintero, Cerro Verde, or San Felipé. Army Air Defense Artillery Center and Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas: U. Texas Water Development Board 3. Bomb sags are common features in the pyroclastic suge beds.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. We propose that the integration of the entire San Luis Basin into the Rio Grande drainage system ~400—200 ka was the critical event in the formation of the modern Rio Grande, integrating hinterland basins of the Rio Grande rift from El Paso, Texas, north to the San Luis Basin with the Gulf of Mexico. Three well-known maars, Hunt's Hole and Kilbourne Hole, and Potrillo, and a tuff cone, Riley occur in the eastern half of this field. Hydraulic Control and Desalination To reduce the degradation of groundwater quality due to laterally flowing poorer quality water, wells can be installed to hydraulically control the migration of poorer quality water by capturing the poorer quality water before it mixes with fresher water. Previous studies indicate that prior to 200 ka, the present Rio Grande terminated into a large bolson complex in the vicinity of El Paso, Texas, and systematic, headward erosional processes had subtly integrated discontinuously connected basins along the eastern flank of the Rio Grande rift and southern Rocky Mountains. Recoverable fresh water accounts for economic and geologic constraints and does not represent all of the fresh water in the aquifer. Wilson and others 1986 used a preexisting model to predict water resources through 2060.
Soils on the mountains are generally rocky and thin. If you've had your fill of forts but still have time on your hands, consider instead leaving I-25 at Dona Ana to cross the Rio and drive south to Las Cruces along local roads through pecan orchards. Although these peaks are located very close to the main spine of the East Potrillo Mountains, they are , and more closely related geologically to the West Potrillo Mountains. If you enjoyed reading the tale of The Lost Silver Lode of Carbonate Creek, we invite you to learn more about the subject from the following books -- check each of theGeoZone's tales of lost treasure since we bring you Further Reading covering many topics related to lost treasures and their geologic settings at the close of each tale. Water management is a critical factor for residents. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
The uppermost sand, silt, and clay of the Pliocene to early Pleistocene Camp Rice Formation, the youngest unit of the Santa Fe Group in this part of the basin, are exposed in the bottom of Kilbourne Hole. The entries in the region itself are crossings at Santa Teresa in Doña Ana county and at Columbus in Luna county. During the late to Holocene, movement occurred along the Fitzgerald and Robledo faults. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Kilbourne Hole in south-central New Mexico is a classic example of a maar crater that formed as a result of the explosive interaction of hot basaltic magma with groundwater during a volcanic eruption. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Rock debris that eroded from the developing rift-flank highlands, as well as wind-blown and playa lake deposits, accumulated in the subsiding Mesilla Basin. Between 1910 and 1960, groundwater flowed from Mexico into Texas toward pumping centers in El Paso Sheng and others, 2001. Results of the optimization program will be evaluated to further improve operation of the well fields. Many campers and hikers, however, look elsewhere because of the absence of trails and dependable water. As a crow flies, is about 22 miles northwest of El Paso, Texas and is about 25 miles southwest of Las Cruces, New Mexico. The bottom part of the Hueco Bolson is primarily clay and silt. Mace 2, and Michael P.
Pumping optimization extends the life of the freshwater resource by minimizing the impacts of poor-quality water intrusions. No perennial streams originate in the range, and none flow nearby. Miles of beach and beautiful blue water. Reaching the springs requires a hike of a mile or two, and the trail often disappears along the way. El Paso and Ciudad Juarez have relied on the Hueco Bolson aquifer as a primary source of drinking water for several decades Sayre and Penn, 1945; White and others, 1997. All of New Mexico has trouble with drunk drivers, but this region has perhaps fewer problems than some others, with one notable, localized, seasonal exception. Visitor center open 7 days, no charge.
Similar volumes of slightly saline water may also exist in New Mexico and Mexico Sheng and others, 2001. The surface formed during a period of landscape stability. On this field trip, we will examine the timing of transition of the San Luis Basin from hydrologically closed, aggrading subbasins to a continuous fluvial system that eroded the basin, formed the Rio Grande gorge, and ultimately, integrated the Rio Grande from Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. If in the vicinity then, definitely go to the Festival and see how much spice you can handle. Crustal thinning during extension tends to trigger volcanic eruptions. Water quality in the shallow part of the aquifer along the Rio Grande in the alluvium has degraded because of leakage of poor-quality irrigation return-flow into the aquifer Sheng and others, 2001.
Las Cruces: New Mexico State University. In southern New Mexico, several large basins are associated with the rift, including the basin to the west of the Potrillos, and the basin to the east. It was later acquired by the at. By ~200 ka, erosion had cut through topographic highs at Ute Mountain and the Red River fault zone, and began deep-canyon incision across the southern San Luis Basin. The crater can be reached via a series of county dirt roads that can be treacherous when wet. The Natural History of New Mexico Mammals.
This is not a high-crime area, with possible exceptions for Las Cruces and along the border. In heavily developed parts of the Hueco Bolson aquifer, drawdowns since predevelopment in 1903 are up to 170 ft. Since 1960, groundwater, generally of poor quality, has flowed from Texas into Mexico Sheng and others, 2001. Bombs are at least 2. This is due to the rugged topography, and the lack of water or shade. Examples of Modern Rift Volcanism and Proterozoic Anorogenic Magmatism: The Potrillo volcanic field of southern New Mexico and the Franklin Mountains of West Texas. This activity also seems to be associated with the intrusion of and quartz dikes in the East Potrillo range.